New Sesearch on Early Urinary Markers of Diabetic Kidney Disease

Urinary markers were tested as predictors of macroalbuminuria or microalbuminuria in patients with type 1 diabetes.

STUDY DESIGN:
Nested case-control of participants in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial.
87 cases of microalbuminuria were matched to 174 controls in a 1:2 ratio, while 4 cases were matched to 4 controls in a 1:1 ratio, resulting in 91 cases and 178 controls for microalbuminuria. 55 cases of macroalbuminuria were matched to 110 controls in a 1:2 ratio. Controls were free of micro-/macroalbuminuria when their matching case first developed micro-/macroalbuminuria.

PREDICTORS:
Urinary N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase (NAG), pentosidine, advanced glycation end product (AGE) fluorescence, and albumin excretion rate (AER). OUTCOMES: Incident microalbuminuria (2 consecutive annual AERs > 40 but 300 mg/d).

MEASUREMENTS:
Stored urine samples from DCCT entry and 1-9 years later when macro- or microalbuminuria occurred were measured for the lysosomal enzyme NAG and the AGE pentosidine and AGE fluorescence. AER and adjustor variables were obtained from the DCCT.

RESULTS:
Submicroalbuminuric AER levels at baseline independently predicted microalbuminuria (adjusted OR, 1.83; P < 0.001) and macroalbuminuria (adjusted OR, 1.82; P < 0.001). Baseline NAG excretion independently predicted macroalbuminuria (adjusted OR, 2.26; P < 0.001) and microalbuminuria (adjusted OR, 1.86; P < 0.001). Baseline pentosidine excretion predicted macroalbuminuria (adjusted OR, 6.89; P = 0.002). Baseline AGE fluorescence predicted microalbuminuria (adjusted OR, 1.68; P = 0.02). However, adjusted for NAG excretion, pentosidine excretion and AGE fluorescence lost the predictive association with macroalbuminuria and microalbuminuria, respectively.

Learn more at CWRUmedicine.org

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One Response to “New Sesearch on Early Urinary Markers of Diabetic Kidney Disease”

  1. Tweets that mention New Sesearch on Early Urinary Markers of Diabetic Kidney Disease « CWRUmedicine's Blog -- Topsy.com Says:

    […] This post was mentioned on Twitter by CWRU medicine. CWRU medicine said: New Sesearch on Early Urinary Markers of Diabetic Kidney Disease: http://wp.me/pSTBq-q […]

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